The womens fight for freedom and equality in society

They have been repressed for a long period of history. Only recently have women started to gain respect as equals and individuals. Even today women are still looked down upon for their sex.

The womens fight for freedom and equality in society

Mesopotamia Ancient Sumerian bas-relief portrait depicting the poetess Enheduanna Women in ancient Sumer could buy, own, sell, and inherit property. Women in ancient Egypt In ancient Egypt women enjoyed the same rights under the law as a men, however rightful entitlements depended upon social class.

The womens fight for freedom and equality in society

Landed property descended in the female line from mother to daughter, and women were entitled to administer their own property. Women in ancient Egypt could buy, sell, be a partner in legal contractsbe executor in wills and witness to legal documents, bring court action, and adopt children.

Women in India Women during the early Vedic period [7] enjoyed equal status with men in all aspects of life. Women in Greece Respectable Athenian women were expected to involve themselves in domestic tasks such as washing clothes left ; in reality, many worked right. Although most women lacked political and equal rights in the city states The womens fight for freedom and equality in society ancient Greece, they enjoyed a certain freedom of movement until the Archaic age.

Until marriage, women were under the guardianship of their father or other male relative. Once married, the husband became a woman's kyrios. As women were barred from conducting legal proceedings, the kyrios would do so on their behalf.

Slaves could become Athenian citizens after being freed, but no woman ever acquired citizenship in ancient Athens. This separation would entail living in a room called a gynaikeionwhile looking after the duties in the home and having very little exposure with the male world.

This was also to ensure that wives only had legitimate children from their husbands. Athenian women received little education, except home tutorship for basic skills such as spin, weave, cook and some knowledge of money. As men engaged in military activity, women took responsibility for running estates.

He argued that women's main economic activity is that of safeguarding the household property created by men. According to Aristotle the labour of women added no value because "the art of household management is not identical with the art of getting wealth, for the one uses the material which the other provides".

They also saw marriage as a moral companionship between equals rather than a biological or social necessity, and practiced these views in their lives as well as their teachings.

The Stoics adopted the views of the Cynics and added them to their own theories of human nature, thus putting their sexual egalitarianism on a strong philosophical basis. Women in ancient Rome Roman law, similar to Athenian law, was created by men in favor of men.

Roman societyhowever, was patriarchaland women could not vote, hold public officeor serve in the military. During the Roman Republicthe mother of the Gracchus brothers and of Julius Caesar were noted as exemplary women who advanced the career of their sons. During the Imperial periodwomen of the emperor's family could acquire considerable political power, and were regularly depicted in official art and on coinage.

By 27—14 BCE the ius trium liberorum "legal right of three children" granted symbolic honors and legal privileges to a woman who had given birth to three children, and freed her from any male guardianship.

She then became subject to her husband's potestas, though to a lesser degree than their children. This arrangement was one of the factors in the independence Roman women enjoyed.

A married woman retained ownership of any property she brought into the marriage. The rape of a slave could be prosecuted only as damage to her owner's property. Adulterywhich had been a private family matter under the Republic, was criminalized, [46] and defined broadly as an illicit sex act stuprum that occurred between a male citizen and a married woman, or between a married woman and any man other than her husband.

Therefore, a married woman could have sex only with her husband, but a married man did not commit adultery when he had sex with a prostituteslaveor person of marginalized status infamis. Stoics of the Imperial era such as Seneca and Musonius Rufus developed theories of just relationships.

While not advocating equality in society or under the law, they held that nature gives men and women equal capacity for virtue and equal obligations to act virtuously, and that therefore men and women had an equal need for philosophical education.

The daughters of senators and knights seem to have regularly received a primary education for ages 7 to Girls from a modest background might be schooled in order to help with the family business or to acquire literacy skills that enabled them to work as scribes and secretaries.

Her influence put her into conflict with the bishop of AlexandriaCyrilwho may have been implicated in her violent death in the year at the hands of a Christian mob.

But the traditional restriction of women in the public life as well as the hostility against independent women still continued. The church also supported the political power of those who were friendly toward the clergy. The appointment of mothers and grandmothers as tutors was sanctioned by Justinian.

The restrictions on the marriage of senators and other men of high rank with women of low rank were extended by Constantinebut it was almost entirely removed by Justinian. Second marriages were discouraged, especially by making it legal to impose a condition that a widow's right to property should cease on remarriage, and the Leonine Constitutions at the end of the 9th century made third marriages punishable.

The same constitutions made the benediction of a priest a necessary part of the ceremony of marriage. The image shows an X-ray of two bound feet. Women in ancient and imperial China and Women in China Women throughout historical and ancient China were considered inferior and had subordinate legal status based on the Confucian law.

Women could not inherit businesses or wealth [57] and men had to adopt a son for such financial purposes.Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, While not advocating equality in society or under the law, Women's freedom of movement may be restricted by laws, but it may also be restricted by attitudes towards women in public spaces.

A look back at history shows that women have made great strides in the fight for equality, including women’s suffrage and inroads in equal opportunity in the workplace and education. Despite the tremendous progress made in the struggle for gender equality, women still face violence, discrimination, and institutional barriers to equal participation in society.

By: Ms.

The womens fight for freedom and equality in society

Kint Feminism is the belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men. Betty Friedan was a key player in the Women's Rights movement of the 's. She published "The Feminine Mystique" in , which captured the discontent that many women were feeling at the.

Living the Legacy: The Women’s Rights Movement () Being allowed to live life in an atmosphere of religious freedom, having a voice in the government you support with your taxes, living free of lifelong enslavement by another person.

The womens fight for freedom and equality in society

“Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by. Kurdish troops fight for freedom — and women’s equality — on battlegrounds across Middle East March 19, am EDT • Updated September 10, am EDT. May 10,  · Ultimately, change has to come from within, but we have to listen and be responsive to the needs of the women on the ground to support them in their fight for freedom and equality.

Liberty for Women: Freedom and Feminism in the Twenty-First Century