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Artistic research[ edit ] The controversial trend of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines. As such, it is similar to the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis.
It is based on artistic practices, methods, and criticality. Through presented documentation, the insights gained shall be placed in a context. This may be factual, historical, or background research. Background research could include, for example, geographical or procedural research.
Patricia Leavy addresses eight arts-based research ABR genres: Documentary research Steps in conducting research[ edit ] Research is often conducted using the hourglass model structure of research.
The major steps in conducting research are: Often, a literature review is conducted in a given subject area before a research question is identified.
A gap in the current literature, as identified by a researcher, then engenders a research question. The research question may be parallel to the hypothesis.
The hypothesis is the supposition to be tested. The researcher s collects data to test the hypothesis. The researcher s then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as empirical research.
The results of the data analysis in rejecting or failing to reject the null hypothesis are then reported and evaluated. At the end, the researcher may discuss avenues for further research. However, some researchers advocate for the reverse approach: The reverse approach is justified by the transactional nature of the research endeavor where research inquiry, research questions, research method, relevant research literature, and so on are not fully known until the findings have fully emerged and been interpreted.
Rudolph Rummel says, " It is only when a range of tests are consistent over many kinds of data, researchers, and methods can one have confidence in the results. Maurice Hilleman is credited with saving more lives than any other scientist of the 20th century.
This process takes three main forms although, as previously discussed, the boundaries between them may be obscure: Exploratory researchwhich helps to identify and define a problem or question.
Constructive researchwhich tests theories and proposes solutions to a problem or question. Empirical researchwhich tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence.
There are two major types of empirical research design: Researchers choose qualitative or quantitative methods according to the nature of the research topic they want to investigate and the research questions they aim to answer: Qualitative research This involves understanding human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior, by asking a broad question, collecting data in the form of words, images, video etc that is analyzed, and searching for themes.
This type of research aims to investigate a question without attempting to quantifiably measure variables or look to potential relationships between variables. It is viewed as more restrictive in testing hypotheses because it can be expensive and time-consuming and typically limited to a single set of research subjects.The controversial trend of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art A more simple understanding by Julian Klein defines Artistic Research as etc.
Research ethics is most developed as a concept in medical research. The key agreement here is the. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences.
or chronological. Related items that provide additional information but that are not key to understanding the research problem can be included in a list of.
After identifying a protein cable surrounding the cluster that contracts to move the cluster, they found that when neural crest cells at the back of the embryo were illuminated with a laser beam.
Conducting primary research is a useful skill to acquire as it can greatly supplement your research in secondary sources, such as journals, magazines, or books. You can also use it .
YOUR RESEARCH QUESTION determines whether the source is primary or secondary for YOUR research. The same document could be a primary source for one paper and a secondary source for another paper. Example: biography about Abraham Lincoln would probably be a. The key understanding after primary research is that “safety” is the major concern of the customer.
The fact that they have to travel with a stranger in a cab / car discourages them from sharing a ride.