Its toll in lives lost was bad enough. The damage to and destruction of infrastructure in New Orleans, Louisiana was more dramatic still. I contend that without governmental assistance and help from independent organizations, New Orleans never could have recovered. The magnitude of the challenges was too great and the task too dispiriting, no matter individual courage and personal commitment.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. From the same document, we can picture the following: Infrastructures like the New Orleans levee, buildings and offices may be rebuilt in the long run.
But homes and both shattered and lost lives will be forever gone.
Unfortunately, these cannot be approximated and no dollar value will ever suffice to measure the human toll. Historically, the federal disaster responses to natural and man made calamities adhere to the principle of utilizing state and local resources first and federal aid comes as a supplement.
However, a lot has changed since. Before, the context by which this premise and ensuing principles of allowing states work independently has worked. But over the last sixty 60 years, the need for a more comprehensive, organized and sustained effort and response in resolving issues and calamities have manifested itself.
Since the Civil Defense Act of which was the first comprehensive legislation pertaining to Federal disaster reliefthe world has changed considerably.
Acts of terrorism became widespread and global in scope. There is also the persistent threat of extreme weather changes because of global warming — the Response to hurricane katrina essay of which was Hurricane Katrina. And then who could forget September 11, ? All these called for a more potent federal disaster response.
Before September 11, Federal response from various agencies was piecemeal and uncoordinated. The event triggered several fundamental changes in the Federal response to disaster management.
It was an event that proved to be a catalyst for a more effective coordination among federal, state and local government agencies. Because of this, President Bush called for a major initiative to unify all efforts towards disaster management and create a nationwide response system.
As a direct result, the Department of Homeland Security was formed that welded all the operational controls of 22 departments, agencies and offices. While the NIMS established post incident management protocols and procedures for emergency personnel from all levels of Federal authorities down to the rank and file, the NRP forms the basic framework for the local counterpart of NIMS.
From the segmented and piecemeal approach of government intervention during nationwide disasters, the HSPD-5 gave birth to NIMS and the NRP as a blueprint for a more integrated and coordinated response in anticipation to a post event. These parameters are as follows — to quote : A Federal department or agency acting under its own authority has requested the assistance of the Secretary; The resources of State and local authorities are overwhelmed and Federal assistance has been requested by the appropriate State and local authorities; More than one Federal department or agency has become substantially involved in responding to the incident; or The Secretary has been directed to assume responsibility for managing the domestic incident by the President; There are overlapping features and conditionality not to mention that each can also be interpreted differently.
It has been recommended that this conditionality be further elucidated and defined so as not to cause confusion, and in the long run — inaction or delays in the response time to the disastrous event or emergency for which it was intended to facilitate.
As it is, INS can be subject to varied and confused interpretation and the levels of authority or bureaucracy seems to all stem from two major actors only — the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security and the President.
This bypasses a lot of constitutional vanguards against abuse of discretionary powers by the executive branch of the government. Aside from streamlining and redefining the triggers, the INS, further study should also be put into checks and balances to control excesses and vulnerabilities of these triggers.
It would be best to clearly streamline roles and differences of terms now while lessons and blueprints are still being drawn before the next Katrina arrives and hits us. In your discussion, be sure to address the Unified Command Structure.
It was stressed that while FEMA was tasked with specific emergency relief and recovery operations, it is in itself not an agency which has its own hardware and means like buses for transportation and healthcare providers.Government Response to Hurricane Katrina Levels of Government In my opinion, all three levels of government failed the people of New Orleans in responding to Hurricane Katrina.
There was plenty of pushing the blame on one another that ended up delaying responses and finding results. Criticism of the government response to Hurricane Katrina consisted primarily of condemnations of mismanagement and lack of preparation in the relief effort in response to Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath.
Specifically, there was a delayed response to the flooding of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Aug 29, · Hurricane Katrina Essay. Government Interaction after Hurricane Katrina. Words | 7 Pages. PUBLIC POLICY RESPONSE TO HURRICANE KATRINA Summary As the Gulf States begin the massive task of reconstruction after Hurricane Katrina, the nation is actively engaged in a dialogue concerning the lessons learned .
[tags: response, hurricane, Katrina] Strong Essays words | ( pages) | Preview. Natural Disasters- Hurricanes - Hurricanes Hurricanes occur all over the world, at different times, but commonly through June first and late November. However in late August a catastrophic hurricane struck. Essay Topics Plagiarism Donate a Paper.
The response allows sharing of costs by the organizations involved thus reducing the cost borne by each state in mounting response to Hurricane Katrina (Walsh, Christen Jr, Lord, & Miller, ). Emergency management at the local level and implementation of the NRF in response to Katrina.
The disaster of Hurricane Katrina was beyond the expectation of the officials of the emergency management, which resulted into delay in supporting the effected people and the area by the guards and military.