He was one of the most powerful and influential pharaohs of ancient Egypt.
Ramses ii, in the twenty-first year of his reign BCRamesses decided to conclude an agreement with the new Hittite king at KadeshHattusili III, to end the conflict.
The ensuing document is the earliest known peace treaty in world history. Such dual-language recording is common to many subsequent treaties. This treaty differs from others however, in that the two language versions are differently worded. Although the majority of the text is identical, the Hittite version claims that the Egyptians came suing for peace, while the Egyptian version claims the reverse.
The Ramses ii are not laid down in this treaty but can be inferred from other documents. The Anastasy A papyrus describes Canaan during the latter part of the reign of Ramesses II and enumerates and names the Phoenician coastal towns under Egyptian control. The harbour town of Sumur north of Byblos is mentioned as being the northern-most town belonging to Egypt, which points to it having contained an Egyptian garrison.
The Hittite king encouraged the Babylonian to oppose another enemy, which must have been the king of Assyria whose allies had killed the messenger of the Egyptian king.
When Ramesses was about 22, two of his own sons, including Amun-her-khepeshefaccompanied him in at least one of those campaigns. By the time of Ramesses, Nubia had been a colony for two hundred years, but its conquest was recalled in decoration from the temples Ramesses II built at Beit el-Wali  which was the subject of epigraphic work by the Oriental Institute during the Nubian salvage campaign of the s Gerf Hussein and Kalabsha in northern Nubia.
On the south wall of the Beit el-Wali temple, Ramesses II is depicted charging into battle against the Nubians in a war chariot, while his two young sons Amun-her-khepsef and Khaemwaset are shown being present behind him, also in war chariots.
Perhaps it Ramses ii Seti I who achieved this supposed control over the region, and who planned to establish the defensive system, in a manner similar to how he rebuilt those to the east, the Ways of Horus across Northern Sinai.
Religious impact Edit Ramesses was the pharaoh most responsible for erasing the Amarna Period from history. By tradition, in the 30th year of his reign Ramesses celebrated a jubilee called the Sed festival, during which the king was ritually transformed into a god.
He had brought peace, maintained Egyptian borders and built great and numerous monuments across the empire. His country was more prosperous and powerful than it had been in nearly a century.
By becoming a god, Ramesses dramatically changed not just his role as ruler of Egypt, but also the role of his firstborn son, Amun-her-khepsef.
As the chosen heir and commander and chief of Egyptian armies, his son effectively became ruler in all but name. Building activity and monuments Edit The Younger Memnon part of a colossal statue of Ramesses from the Ramasseum, now in the British Museum Ramesses built extensively throughout Egypt and Nubia, and his cartouches are prominently displayed even in buildings that he did not actually construct.
He covered the land from the Delta to Nubia with buildings in a way no king before him had done. When he built, he built on a scale unlike almost anything before. The population was put to work on changing the face of Egypt. In Thebesthe ancient temples were transformed, so that each one of them reflected honour to Ramesses as a symbol of his putative divine nature and power.
Ramesses decided to eternalize himself in stone, and so he ordered changes to the methods used by his masons. The elegant but shallow reliefs of previous pharaohs were easily transformed, and so their images and words could easily be obliterated by their successors.
Ramesses insisted that his carvings be deeply engraved in the stone, which made them not only less susceptible to later alteration, but also made them more prominent in the Egyptian sun, reflecting his relationship with the sun god, Ra. Ramesses constructed many large monuments, including the archeological complex of Abu Simbeland the Mortuary temple known as the Ramesseum.
He built on a monumental scale to ensure that his legacy would survive the ravages of time. Ramesses used art as a means of propaganda for his victories over foreigners, which are depicted on numerous temple reliefs. Ramesses II also erected more colossal statues of himself than any other pharaoh.
He also usurped many existing statues by inscribing his own cartouche on them. His motives are uncertain, though he possibly wished to be closer to his territories in Canaan and Syria. Ramesseum The Younger Memnon digitally restored with its base still in the Ramesseum The temple complex built by Ramesses II between Qurna and the desert has been known as the Ramesseum since the 19th century.
|Ramses II | Biography, Achievements, & Facts | ashio-midori.com||Usermare-Setepnere, Son of Re: On this day, lo, his majesty was at the city called:|
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The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus marveled at the gigantic and famous temple, now no more than a few ruins. An enormous pylon stood before the first court, with the royal palace at the left and the gigantic statue of the king looming up at the back.
The scenes of the great pharaoh and his army triumphing over the Hittite forces fleeing before Kadeshrepresented on the pylon. Remains of the second court include part of the internal facade of the pylon and a portion of the Osiride portico on the right.
Scenes of war and the alleged rout of the Hittites at Kadesh are repeated on the walls.
The Statue of Ramesses II is a 3,year-old figure of Ramesses II, depicting him ashio-midori.com was discovered in by Giovanni Battista Caviglia at the Great Temple of Ptah near Memphis, ashio-midori.com is made from red granite.. The statue was found broken in six pieces and earlier attempts at restoration failed. In , Egyptian Prime Minister . Despite a very shaky start, Ramesses II (reigned c - BC) used diplomacy, a massive building program and endless propaganda to become the greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom, Ancient Egypt. Ramses II the Great (reigned B.C.) Third king of the 19th dynasty of Egypt, whose reign ( BC) was the second longest in Egyptian history.
In the upper registers, feast and honor of the phallic god Mingod of fertility. On the opposite side of the court the few Osiride pillars and columns still left can furnish an idea of the original grandeur. Thirty-nine out of the forty-eight columns in the great hypostyle hall m 41x 31 still stand in the central rows.This treaty is similar in form to many others discovered.
The treaty between King Mursili and the king of Amurru, Duppi-Teshub , begins with the words Thus speaks His Majesty Mursili, Great King, king of the Land of Hatti, beloved of the Storm God, son of Suppiluliuma, Great King, king of the land of Hatti, hero.
All the other tombs in the Valley of the kings at Thebes were later plundered, but the tomb, in which Tutankhamen had been buried, was hidden by rock chips dumped there when the tomb of a later king was excavated, and was not ransacked. Ramesses II (about BC) Horus name: Kanakht Merymaat Nebty name: Mekkemetwafkhasut Golden Falcon name: Userrenput-aanehktu Prenomen: Usermaatre-setepenre Nomen: Ramesses (meryamun) Paintings on .
The Nineteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt was one of the periods of the Egyptian New Kingdom. Founded by Vizier Ramesses I, whom Pharaoh Horemheb chose as his successor to the throne, this dynasty is best known for its military conquests in Canaan.
Ramses I (ruled –90 bce) hailed from the eastern Nile River delta, and with the 19th dynasty there was a political shift into the delta. Ramses I was succeeded by his son and coregent, Seti I, who buried his father. Probably descended from a nonroyal military family from the northeast Egyptian delta, Ramses found favour with Horemheb, the last king of the 18th dynasty (– bce.
Media in category "Cartouches of Ramses II" The following files are in this category, out of total.