How boko haram developed and under

Founded jointly with the Wechsler Family Foundation Vol. Over the past three years Boko Haram has killed more than 1, Nigerians, mostly Christian citizens in the predominantly Muslim northern part of the country. For the first time since the government decided to fight Boko Haram in JulyPresident Jonathan Goodluck has openly accepted Western and Israeli assistance in the war, thus acknowledging the inability of the Nigerian armed forces and secret services to cope with the terror group. He is believed to have over a million supporters.

How boko haram developed and under

It was a sovereign sultanate run according to the principles of the Constitution of Medinawith a majority Kanuri Muslim population. Christian missionaries at this time spread the Christian message in the region and had many converts.

Ethnic militancy is thought to have been one of the causes of the — civil war ; religious violence reached a new height in in Kanothe largest city in the north of the country, where the Muslim fundamentalist sect Yan Tatsine "followers of Maitatsine" instigated riots that resulted in four or five thousand deaths.

How boko haram developed and under

In the ensuing military crackdown, Maitatsine was killed, fuelling a backlash of increased violence that spread across other northern cities over the next twenty years.

Political ethno-religious interest groups, whose membership includes influential political, military and religious leaders, have thrived in Nigeria, though they were largely suppressed under military rule.

Their paramilitary wings, formed since the country's return to civilian rule, have been implicated in much of the sectarian violence in the years following. The Arewa People's Congressthe militia wing of the Arewa Consultative Forumthe main political group representing the interests of northern Nigeria, is a well-funded group with military and intelligence expertise, and is considered capable of engaging in military action, including covert bombing.

He established a religious complex and school that attracted poor Muslim families from across Nigeria and neighbouring countries.

The center had the political goal How boko haram developed and under creating an Islamic stateand became a recruiting ground for jihadis. By denouncing the police and state corruption, Yusuf attracted followers from unemployed youth. The Izala were originally welcomed into government, along with people sympathetic to Yusuf.

Boko Haram conducted its operations more or less peacefully during the first seven years of its existence, withdrawing from society into remote north-eastern areas. The government repeatedly ignored warnings about the increasingly militant character of the organization.

Yusuf's arrest elevated him to hero status. Borno's Deputy Governor Alhaji Dibal has reportedly claimed that al-Qaeda had ties with Boko Haram, but broke them when they decided that Yusuf was an unreliable person.

In particular Davis has blamed the former governor of Borno State Ali Modu Sheriffwho initially supported Boko Haram, but no longer needed them after the elections and stopped funding them.

Sheriff denies the accusations. Boko Haram insurgency Boko Haram's attacks consist of suicide bombers as well as conventional armed assaults on both civilian and military targets. Following the kidnapping, a majority of Boko Haram's suicide bombers are female; some are as young as seven years old.

Boko Haram jihadists rely on stealth, blending into local communities or hiding in the vast countryside. Critics accuse the Nigerian military of not properly equipping its soldiers to fight Boko Haram. On July 26, security forces arrested nine Boko Haram members and confiscated weapons and bomb-making equipment.

Either this or a clash with police during a funeral procession led to revenge attacks on police and widespread rioting. A joint military task force operation was launched in response and by 30 July more than people had been killed, mostly Boko Haram members, and police stations, prisons, government offices, schools and churches had been destroyed.

As had been the case decades earlier in the wake of the Kano riots, the killing of the leader of an extremist group would have unintended consequences. He was succeeded by Abubakar Shekauformerly his second-in-command.

Embassy in Abuja in Novemberhas been published on WikiLeaks: Security remained a concern in Borno, with residents expressing concern about importation of arms and exchanges of religious messages across porous international borders.

According to the leaked document, there were reports that Yusuf's deputy had survived, and audio tapes were believed to be in circulation in which Boko Haram threatened future attacks. Nevertheless, many observers did not anticipate imminent bloodshed. Security in Borno was downgraded.

Borno government official Alhaji Boguma believed that the state deserved praise from the international community for ending the conflict in such a short time, and that the "wave of fundamentalism" had been "crushed". Bauchi prison break In Septemberhaving regrouped under their new leader, Boko Haram broke of its members out of prison in Bauchi along with over other prisoners and went on to launch attacks in several areas of northern Nigeria.

A spokesman claiming responsibility for the attack, in which 11 UN staff members died as well as 12 others, with more than injured, warned of future planned attacks on U.

Speaking soon after the U. They have attacked politicians, religious leaders, security forces and civilian targets. The tactic of suicide bombingused in the two attacks in the capital on the police and UN headquarters, was new to Nigeria.

Nigerian presidential election, Within hours of Goodluck Jonathan 's presidential inauguration in MayBoko Haram carried out a series of bombings in BauchiZaria and Abuja.

The most successful of these was the attack on the army barracks in Bauchi. A spokesman for the group told BBC Hausa that the attack had been carried out, as a test of loyalty, by serving members of the military hoping to join the group.

This charge was later refuted by an army spokesman who claimed: However, on 8 January the president would announce that Boko Haram had in reality infiltrated both the army and the police, as well as the executive, parliamentary and legislative branches of government.

Boko Haram's spokesman also claimed responsibility for the killing outside his home in Maiduguri of the politician Abba Anas Ibn Umar Garbai, the younger brother of the Shehu of Borno, who was the second most prominent Muslim in the country after the Sultan of Sokoto.Date of Origin-E Boko Haram became founded in by Mohammed Marwa, and became well-known in after kidnapping Chibok schoolgirls.

Type(s) of Terrorism Used-E *Pathological terrorism *Cyber terrorism Boko Haram is copying some things that ISIS does such as beheading and kidnapping. Keywords: Boko Haram, Development, Insurgency, Terrorism, Underdevelopment.

1. Introduction It is pertinent to state unequivocally that the Boko Haram sect under the leadership of Yussuf and Abubakar Shekau took advantage of the failure of the Nigerian government at all levels in the north (Local, State and.

Three hundred mostly Christian girls from a high school in northeastern Nigeria were kidnapped by the Boko Haram terrorist group, whose chief, Abubakar Shekau, announced that the girls had been converted to Islam. Over the past three years Boko Haram has killed more than 1, Nigerians, mostly.

The Grand Mosque seizure occurred during November and December when insurgents calling for the overthrow of the House of Saud took over Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi insurgents declared that the Mahdi (the "redeemer of Islam") had arrived in the form of one of their leaders – Mohammed Abdullah al-Qahtani – and called on Muslims to obey him.

The article presents evidence that Ansaru may be operating with Boko Haram in Borno and that Ansaru has benefited from Boko Haram’s control of territory, manpower and grassroots connections, while Boko Haram may be benefiting from the networks and skills that Ansaru’s members developed from training and operating with al-Qa`ida in .

The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria (/ n aɪ ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / ()), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west.

Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the.

Grand Mosque seizure - Wikipedia