William Emersona Unitarian minister.
Frances Wright — Scottish-born social reformer. One of the first advocates of emancipation and equal rights, Frances Wright deeply influenced the social reform movements of the nineteenth century, particularly in the United States. Her eloquence and dedication in these matters earned her both support and outrage from the American and British public.
Biographical Information Wright was born into a wealthy merchant family in in Dundee, Scotland. She was related to the Scottish aristocracy through her mother, and to the intellectuals and political liberals of Glasgow through her Essays on fanny wright.
At the age of eight Wright became heiress to family properties in India. At this time Wright was occupied with the study of languages, literature, history, and philosophy, and her well-known scorn for propriety and social convention evidently dates from this period.
Wright began to notice the social inequities that pervaded British rural life, and she was particularly interested in the newly-independent nation of the United States. InWright and Camilla moved to Glasgow to live with their uncle, James Mylne, who held liberal political beliefs and taught moral philosophy at the University of Glasgow.
In Glasgow, Wright cultivated her intellectual and political interests, and began to write seriously—primarily poetry. Inshe visited the United States with Camilla in order to observe the social and political experiment in democracy and individual freedom.
Her family wealth gave her an immediate entrance into New York society, and her play Altorf was produced there in Wright became convinced of the need to establish a "colony" where slaves might both work for their freedom in a plan of gradual emancipation and become educated.
She bought land in Tennessee inand named her new community Nashoba. Nashoba never became economically self-sufficient, and was dissolved in The ex-slaves from the Nashoba community were transported to the new republic of Haiti. After the dissolution of the community of Nashoba, Wright wrote an essay entitled "Explanatory Notes, Respecting the Nature and Objects of the Institution of Nashoba, and of the Principles upon which it is Founded: Inthe year following the publication of the essay on Nashoba, Camilla died and Wright returned to England.
At this time Wright limited her public activities, but managed to publish her lectures on educational reform in England as A Course of Popular Lectures In Wright returned to her political activities in the United States, particularly to her advocacy of the gradual emancipation of slaves.
But after she began to spend more time writing at her home in Cincinnati than speaking in public, and the public furor that had accompanied her attempts at social reform dissipated.
During this period Wright wrote England the Civilizer: This play, produced in the United States intakes its setting and plot from the fourteenth-century Swiss independence movement. However, unlike the original Epicurus, Wright was not an advocate of the spiritual renunciation of worldly pleasures.
Addressed to the Friends of Human Improvement, in All Countries and of All Nations," her many editorials in the New Harmony Gazette later renamed the Free Enquirer and in the Boston Investigator, and her A Course of Popular Lectures reflect her abiding concern with slavery, economic disparities, inequities between genders, lack of public education, and the problematic authority of religious institutions.
Her work, particularly in her later years, focused upon rewriting and developing earlier lectures given in major cities around the United States and England. Some of these lectures were revised and collected in England the Civilizer: Her History Developed in Its Principles, her last published work.
According to George Holyoake, John Stuart Mill who shared with Wright the ideals of equality and individual liberty considered her to be "one of the most important women of her day.
This public outrage, led by the established press and religious authorities, must be counted as one of the principal reasons for the failure of the community of Nashoba.
Wright is recognized by more recent critics for the power of her rhetoric and for the profound influence that she exerted over the feminist movements of the nineteenth century.
Lucretia Mott, Susan B. Current feminist scholarship acknowledges her impact on the struggle for social justice, but also notes the extent to which her own philosophical inheritances influence her views.essays on fanny wright Gold foundation essay contest to kill a mockingbird essay intro contrast block pattern essay university essay sample so far from god essays.
Frances Wright (), Scottish-American socialist, feminist, and reformer, was the first woman to speak publicly in America. Frances Wright was born in Dundee, Scotland, on Sept. 6, Orphaned at the age of two, she inherited substantial means, which enabled her to escape from England and.
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Professor William Van Vugt also enjoys scuba diving and down hill skiing. Academic interests Professor Van Vugt's most recent books are British Immigration to the United States, - , .