Put not your trust in Princes. However, both of these views are based on a misconception. Jesus can be a tragic victim of wrong without Caiaphas having been a bad person or done the wrong thing, let alone an anti-Semitic caricature.
Every art, every enquiry, every pursuit, is thought to aim at some good. Medicine aims at health, shipbuilding, a vessel and economics, wealth. In each case, the end is always thought greater than the activity.
So, will not the knowledge of whatever 'the good' is have great influences on life? Shall we not, like archers aiming at the mark, be more likely to hit that which is right?
Now, truth and goodness are subject to much variation of opinion, so we cannot speak of them with mathematical precision. Furthermore, men judge best the things they have long experience of, so the young, whether young in years or youthful in passionswill profit little from what is taught here.
Both philosophers and common men agree that by 'good' we mean happiness. But some think happiness is wealth, others honour, and the same man will think it different at different times- as when he is ill he will call health the greatest good. All we can do, like Plato, is ask 'are we travelling towards, or away from, the first principles?
The vulgar, like beasts, identify happiness with pleasure.
Superior, refined, people tend to identify it with honour and virtue. We can be certain, though, that moneymaking is not the good, as it is merely a means to gain other things.
Dear Socrates made finding the 'good' an uphill task by talking about the 'Form of the Good'. But we must honour truth above our friends. He forgot that 'good' is not one single thing. Even eternity cannot be the good, for that which lasts long is no whiter than that which perishes in a day, while it would be empty to claim that only goodness is good.
Let us then consider good things rather than useful things, and consider whether they are called good by reference to one single Idea. Good is the end we aim at in life. But even horses have life, man is made different by his rational soul.
We can say that, as a lyre-player plays the lyre, and a good player plays it well, so the function of a good man is noble use of his rational abilities. Let this serve as a rough first sketch of the good. To have begun is to have the task half finished. There are three types of goods- those external, those of the soul and those of the body.
Those of the soul are most important, and include a person's actions. We must ask if happiness can be learned, or comes from divine providence, or by chance. Certainly, even if happiness is not god-given, it seems a godlike thing, while to say it is chance would be to demean it.+ free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. It is a Sunday like any other and to paraphrase John Cage quoted in Molly Nesbit’s essay ‘The Tempest’ on Grabriel Orozco, from her recent book Midnight: The Tempest Essays (p.
). Sunday is a day, as much for art as it is for life, for people to keep on washing dishes, to keep on brushing their teeth, to keep on getting sleepy.
Stoicism. Stoicism originated as a Hellenistic philosophy, founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium (modern day Cyprus), c.
B.C.E. It was influenced by Socrates and the Cynics, and it engaged in vigorous debates with the Skeptics, the Academics, and the Epicureans. Aristotle and Aurelius Essay eudaimonia, or happiness through success and fulfillment.
Following this concept Aristotle goes on to explain that through virtuosity a human being can lead a happy life. Lucius Annaeus Seneca, statesman, philosopher, advocate and man of letters, was born in Spain around 4BC.
He rose to prominence at Rome, pursuing a double career in the courts and political life, until Claudius sent him into exile exile on the island of Corsica for eight years. Plato and Aristotle Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.
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